The Areca Palm

Areca catechu is the areca palm or areca nut palm betel palm, (Filipino: bunga, Malay and Bahasa Indonesia: pinang, Malayalam: അടക്ക adakka), a species of palm which grows in much of the tropical Pacific, Asia, and parts of east Africa. The palm is believed to have originated in either Malaysia or the Philippines. Areca is derived from a local name from the Malabar Coast of India and catechu is from another Malay name for this palm, caccu.

This palm is often called the betel tree because its fruit, the areca nut, is often chewed along with the betel leaf, a leaf from a vine of the Piperaceae family.

Fruit of Areca or Pinang (Areca catechu) were hung on the wall by the villagers before it can be used (photo credit: joko guntoro)

Fruit Pinang have been widely used by Indonesian people since the first, especially men who used to eat betel mixture. People who eat betel nuts are believed to have strong teeth that although age has been advanced.

Nut crops easily grown in Indonesia. This plant is usually planted in the yard of the house, garden, or grow on the riverside. Beautiful shape with a height of 10-30 feet trees are suitable to be used for decoration. No wonder if in some road sections, is widely planted row crops. In addition to the beauty of the city, also could serve to greening.

Cultivation is done by planting the seeds that have been cooked enough. Earlier sowing the seed and planted in plastic (poly bag). While still a small, nut plants can be used as an ornamental in the house. When the trunk is bigger, should be planted outside the home.

Areca has a different name in some areas. In West Java, people call Jambe, arrest or wohan. In Sumatra, this plant has many names. Some knew him as a nut, pineng, pineung, stem Mayang, rods and blocks, pinning the stem, stem nut, and boni.

Fruit Pinang
Fruit pinang


Both the seeds, fruit, or sabutnya can be used, particularly for treatment. Treatment with the fruit of this plant is already quite well known since antiquity. Areca is able to treat beri-beri, worms, flatulence, wounds, diarrhea, and coughing up phlegm. While the leaves can increase appetite and for treating lower back pain. Betel leaves are also widely used for food wrap. While sabutnya can use to cure beri-beri, constipation (difficult bowel movements), and indigestion.

Young betel nuts can be used to treat wounds resulting from accidents (collision, friction, puncture, cut or burned). Way, the meat of young betel nuts until finely ground, then placed on the injured body part. The young betel nut chewing can also direct and the water is swallowed. This is to treat the blood in my urine. Meanwhile, young betel juice can be used as an external medicine myopic eye disease.

Children who suffer from intestinal worms can be cured by this plant. How, to prepare 30 grams of nut and seed powder boiled with 2 cups water to boil. Boiling water is then allowed to cool and then filtered. This water is then drunk in patients with intestinal worms at a time before breakfast.


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