Useful and beautiful flowers for your garden, part one

Well, when i write this post, i should try to select the best choice between term “useful” or “beautiful”. But,  at last i choose the term “useful” due to that useful is include beautiful and also benefits of these flowers and plants. For me, these flowers are bring your garden to be colorful, harmony and do not forget that they are also useful, i mean can be a herb medicine. Well, these are some flowers of my garden:

red cockscomb (genus Celosia, called Jengger ayam in Indonesia)
red cockscomb (genus Celosia, called Jengger ayam in Indonesia), photo:

Jengger ayam or Cockscomb is a flowering plant in the family Amaranthaceae. This annual plant grows upright with a height of between 60 cm – 90 cm, in general it does not grow wild in the gardens or yard as an ornamental and other places to a height of 1000 m above sea level. The stem is thick and strong with a single leaf, grow alternate, oval to elongated with a length of 5 cm – 12 cm wide and 3.5 cm – 6.5 cm pointy, flat brimmed with little green and red lines in the middle of the leaf.

Cock’s comb has a sweet and mild flavor and can be used for anti-inflammation, stop the discharge and explain the vision. The plant is able to stop the bleeding, as in coughing up blood, vomiting blood, nosebleeds, and bleeding hemorrhoids. Flowers contain fatty oils, kaempferitrin, amaranthin, pinitol, while the leaves are saponins, flavonoids, and polyphenols.

euphorbia milii (photo:
euphorbia milii (photo:

Euphorbia milii is a species of flowering plant in the spurge family Euphorbiaciae, native to Madagascar. Euphorbia milii, the crown-of-thorns plant, has long been prized for its beautiful flowers. It has also been used in folk medicine. New uses are being developed.

This plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society‘s Award of Garden Merit. The species name commemorates Baron Milius, once Governor of Réunion, who introduced the species to France in 1821. It is suspected that the species was introduced to the Middle East in ancient times, and legend associates it with the crown of thorns worn by Christ.

The leaves are found mainly on new growth and are obovate, up to 3.5 cm long and 1.5 cm broad. It is a succulent climbing shrub growing to 1.8 m (5 ft 11 in) tall, with densely spiny stems, the straight, slender spines up to 3 cm long, which help it scramble over other plants. The flowers are small, subtended by a pair of conspicuous petal-like bracts, variably red, pink or white, up to 12 mm broad.The sap is moderately poisonous.

The benefits of Euphorbia milii in medicine:

Milin, an extract of Euphorbia milii latex, is a glycosylated serine protease (an enzyme that breaks down protein and has a sugar attached to it). Because it is more stable than most proteases, it will be useful to food processers and makers of detergents who have been using proteases in their operations. Milin will also be useful to research scientists who use serine proteases to get rid of unwanted proteins so that they can obtain the ones they want in pure form.

Euphorbia milii serves as a potted ornamental in many different countries, included in Indonesia. Tropical residents also use it for hedges or as a strategically placed cynosure in landscaping.

Fungi of the genus Aspergillus produce a toxic substance called aflatoxin, which contaminates crops (e.g., corn and peanuts) and causes human diseases. Aflatoxin has even been implicated as a contributing factor in liver cancer. Euphorbia milii flowers, when dried and processed as powder, inhibit the growth of Aspergillus.

Euphorbia milii plays a role in folk medicine. The Chinese use it as a cure for cancer, and some Brazilians believe that it can cure warts.

Euphorbia milii can curb the spread of schistosomiasis, a disease of the liver. Its latex has ingredients that can kill snails of the genera Indoplanorbis and Biomphalaria, which are vectors (alternate hosts) of the flatworms which cause this disease.

white bouganville (
white bougainvillea (

Bougainvillea (Bugenvil or Bunga kertas in Indonesia)  is a genus of flowering plants native to South America from Brazil west to Perú and south to southern Argentina. Bougainvillea are relatively pest-free plants, but may suffer from worms, snails and aphids. The larvae of some Lepidoptera species also use them as food plants, for example the giant leopard moth (Hypercompe scribonia).

Bougainvillea is an attractive plant, the flowers and stems of which are used medicinally. It is available as a supplement as a powder, tincture or capsule. Bougainvillea flowers can be tried and brewed into a tea to treat the common cold, influenza, cough and sore throat. The stem can be used in the same way to act as a liver tonic and treat hepatitis.

They are thorny, woody vines growing anywhere from 1 to 12 metres (3 ft 3 in to 39 ft 4 in) tall, scrambling over other plants with their spiky thorns. The thorns are tipped with a black, waxy substance. They are evergreen where rainfall occurs all year, or deciduous if there is a dry season. The leaves are alternate, 4–13 cm long and 2–6 cm broad. The actual flower of the plant is small and generally white, but each cluster of three flowers is surrounded by three or six bracts with the bright colors associated with the plant, including pink, magenta, purple, red, orange, white, or yellow. Bougainvillea glabra is sometimes referred to as “paper flower” or translated as “Bunga kertas” because the bracts are thin and papery. The fruit is a narrow five-lobed achene.

Although it is frost-sensitive and hardy in U.S. Hardiness Zones 9b and 10, bougainvillea can be used as a houseplant or hanging basket in cooler climates. In the landscape, it makes an excellent hot season plant, and its drought tolerance makes it ideal for warm climates year-round. Its high salt tolerance makes it a natural choice for color in coastal regions. It can be pruned into a standard, but is also grown along fence lines, on walls, in containers and hanging baskets, and as a hedge or an accent plant. Its long arching thorny branches bear heart-shaped leaves and masses of papery bracts in white, pink, orange, purple, and burgundy. Many cultivars, including double-flowered and variegated, are available.

white orchid (
white orchid (

Dendrobium crumenatum is a member of the family Orchidaceae. It has upright, sympodial, pseudobulbs that are swollen at the first 3 or 4 bottom nodes. The middle portion carries the leaves of 7 cm long and 2 cm wide that are very leathery. Top portion of the pseudobulbs carry the flowers of about 2.5 cmand of pure white, with yellow markings on the labellum. The bloom cycle is triggered 9 days after a sudden drop in temperature (at least 5.5 °C or 10 °F), usually as a result of rain, although the same effect can be artificially created. Dendrobium crumenatum flowers are fragrant, but only lasts for a day. The specific name refers to the purse-shape spur of the flower. Dendrobium crumenatum is one of the most wide spread species of orchids in Asia, being found as far west as India, north in Taiwan to the Philippines and down to Sulawesi, Sumatra. It grows in every locality from full sun to deep shade.

yellow orchid (
yellow orchid (

The Orchidaceae are a diverse and widespread family of flowering plants with colorful and fragrant blooms, commonly known as the orchid family. Along with the Asteraceae, they are one of the two largest families of flowering plants, with between 21,950 and 26,049 currently accepted species, found in 880 genera.Selecting which of the two families is larger is still under debate, as concrete numbers on such enormous families are constantly in flux. Regardless, the number of orchid species equals more than twice the number of bird species, and about four times the number of mammal species. The family also encompasses about 6–11% of all seed plants.The largest genera are Bulbophyllum (2,000 species), Epidendrum (1,500 species), Dendrobium (1,400 species) and Pleurothallis (1,000 species).

The family also includes Vanilla (the genus of the vanilla plant), Orchis (type genus), and many commonly cultivated plants such as Phalaenopsis and Cattleya. Moreover, since the introduction of tropical species in the 19th century, horticulturists have produced more than 100,000 hybrids and cultivars.


field notes of personal exploration to some places and traditions in Indonesia.


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